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Contraception

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The risk of heart attack and stroke in women using birth control pills | Cochrane

Since their introduction, combined oral contraceptive pills have become one of the most popular birth control methods. These pills contain two types of female hormones, estrogen and progestagen. When used correctly, the failure rate (i.e. the occurrence of unwanted pregnancy) is less than one per 100 women per year. Despite their reliability, oral contraceptive pills have been found to increase the risk of a blood clot forming in an artery, i.e. arterial thrombosis (heart attack or stroke). As arterial thrombosis is rare in young women, and as many types of oral contraceptive pills exist, the size of the risk is unclear. Furthermore, the effect of different types of progestagens or different doses of estrogen on the risk of arterial thrombosis is unknown.  
cochrane.org
almost 7 years ago
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Methods to reduce pain with insertion of intrauterine contraception | Cochrane

Fear of pain with insertion of intrauterine contraception (IUC) may cause women to avoid using this very effective method of birth control. IUC includes devices with copper and with the hormone levonorgestrel. Researchers have studied many ways of reducing pain with IUC insertion. These include drugs that lessen uterine cramps, soften and open the cervix (uterus opening), or numb the cervix.  
cochrane.org
almost 7 years ago
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Education about family planning for women who have just given birth | Cochrane

Counseling about family planning is standard for most women who just gave birth. Few providers and researchers have looked at how well the counseling works. We do not know if postpartum women want to use family planning or whether they will return to a health provider for birth control advice. Women may wish to discuss family planning before they have the baby and after they leave the hospital. Women may also prefer to talk about birth control along with other health issues. In this review, we looked at the effects of educational programs about family planning for women who just had a baby.  
cochrane.org
almost 7 years ago
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9

Hormonal birth control and fracture risk in observational studies | Cochrane

When bone mass declines with age, the risk of fractures increases. Birth control methods that have hormones may lead to changes in women’s bone density. Worry about fractures may limit the use of these effective methods. Observational studies can collect data on birth control use as well as fractures later in life. Through June 2015, we searched for such studies in several databases.   
cochrane.org
almost 7 years ago
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77

Core Clinical Cases in Obstetrics and Gynaecology Third Edition

You've read your textbook and your course notes. Now you need to apply your knowledge to real life clinical situations. The problem-solving approach of Core Clinical Cases guides you to think of the patient as a whole, rather than as a sequence of unconnected symptoms. With its emphasis on everyday practice strongly linked to underlying theory, the series integrates your knowledge with the realities of managing clinical problems, and provides a basis for developing sound analytical and confident decision-making skills. The core areas of undergraduate study are covered in a logical sequence of learning activities; the same questions are asked of each clinical case, followed by detailed explanatory answers. OSCE counselling cases, with related questions and answers, also feature in each section. Key concepts and important information are highlighted, and the reader-friendly layout reflects exactly the type of question you will encounter, making these volumes the perfect revision aid for all types of case-based examination. The Obstetrics and Gynaecology volume, fully revised and updated in this third edition, focuses on the following topics: * Early pregnancy problems * Pregnancy dating and fetal growth * Late pregnancy problems * Labour * Medical disorders of pregnancy * Puerperium * Abnormal uterine bleeding * Amenorrhoea and menopause * Incontinence and prolapse * Neoplasia * Discharge and pain* Infertility * Fertility control Volumes in the Core Clinical Cases series remain absolutely invaluable in the run up to clinical, written or OSCE examinations, and ideal course companions for all undergraduate medical students at various stages in their clinical training.  
books.google.co.uk
almost 7 years ago
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111

Core Clinical Cases in Obstetrics and Gynaecology Third Edition

You've read your textbook and your course notes. Now you need to apply your knowledge to real life clinical situations. The problem-solving approach of Core Clinical Cases guides you to think of the patient as a whole, rather than as a sequence of unconnected symptoms. With its emphasis on everyday practice strongly linked to underlying theory, the series integrates your knowledge with the realities of managing clinical problems, and provides a basis for developing sound analytical and confident decision-making skills. The core areas of undergraduate study are covered in a logical sequence of learning activities; the same questions are asked of each clinical case, followed by detailed explanatory answers. OSCE counselling cases, with related questions and answers, also feature in each section. Key concepts and important information are highlighted, and the reader-friendly layout reflects exactly the type of question you will encounter, making these volumes the perfect revision aid for all types of case-based examination. The Obstetrics and Gynaecology volume, fully revised and updated in this third edition, focuses on the following topics: * Early pregnancy problems * Pregnancy dating and fetal growth * Late pregnancy problems * Labour * Medical disorders of pregnancy * Puerperium * Abnormal uterine bleeding * Amenorrhoea and menopause * Incontinence and prolapse * Neoplasia * Discharge and pain* Infertility * Fertility control Volumes in the Core Clinical Cases series remain absolutely invaluable in the run up to clinical, written or OSCE examinations, and ideal course companions for all undergraduate medical students at various stages in their clinical training.  
books.google.co.uk
almost 7 years ago
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2
91

Bedside Obstetrics & Gynecology

The second edition of Bedside Obstetrics & Gynecology brings postgraduate trainees fully up to date with the most recent advances in the field. The first section covers obstetrics, discussing normal and abnormal presentations (such as normal labour versus breech presentation), complications in pregnancy (including early pregnancy bleeding and ante- and postpartum haemorrhage), and medical disorders related to pregnancy (such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes). Section two covers numerous gynaecological abnormalities. This new edition has been fully revised but continues to emphasise the importance of history taking and clinical examination. New chapters have been added to cover topics such as preterm pregnancy, post-dated pregnancy and intrauterine death, bleeding due to miscarriage, menopause and contraception. Nearly 1100 images, illustrations and tables enhance learning, and each chapter includes questions and answers related to case studies. Key points Fully revised, new edition providing recent advances in obstetrics and gynaecology Many new chapters added Includes 1100 images, illustrations and tables Previous edition published in 2010  
books.google.co.uk
almost 7 years ago